LITERATES AND LITERACY RATES-2001 CENSUS (PROVISIONAL)
 

POPULATION, NUMBER OF LITERATES AND LITERACY RATES BY SEX-2001 

S.No.

 

India/States

 Literacy Rate 2001

Literates 2001

    Persons Male Female

Persons

Male

Female

  INDIA 64.84 75.26 53.67 560,687,797 336,533,716 224,154,081
1 Andhra Pradesh 60.47 70.32 50.43 39,934,323 23,444,788 16,489,535
2 Arunchal Pradesh 54.34 63.83 43.53 484,785 303,281 181,504
3 Assam 63.25 71.28 54.61 14,015,354 8,188,697 5,826,657
4 Bihar 47.00 59.68 33.12 31,109,577 20,644,376 10,465,201
5 Chhattisgarh 64.66 77.38 51.85 11,173,149 6,711,395 4,461,754
6 Delhi 81.67 87.33 74.71 9,664,764 5,700,847 3,963,917
7 Goa 82.01 88.42 75.37 985,562 541,032 444,530
8 Gujarat 69.14 79.66 57.80 29,827,750 17,833,273 11,994,477
9 Haryana 67.91 78.49 55.73 12,093,677 7,480,209 4,613,468
10 Himachal Pradesh 76.48 85.35 67.42 4,041,621 2,278,386 1,763,235
11 Jammu & Kashmir 55.52 66.60 43.00 4,807,286 3,060,628 1,746,658
12 Jharkhand 53.56 67.30 38.87 11,777,201 7,646,857 4,130,344
13 Karnataka 66.64 76.10 56.87 30,434,962 17,661,211 12,773,751
14 Kerala 90.86 94.24 87.72 25,485,688 12,753,602 12,732,086
15 Madhya Pradesh 63.74 76.06 50.29 31,592,563 19,672,274 11,920,289
16 Maharashtra 76.88 85.97 67.03 63,965,943 37,184,963 26,780,980
17 Manipur 70.53 80.33 60.53 1,310,534 753,466 557,068
18 Meghalaya 62.56 65.43 59.61 1,157,875 614,272 543,603
19 Mizoram 88.80 90.72 86.75 661,445 350,105 311,340
20 Nagaland 66.59 71.16 61.46 1,132,323 640,201 492,122
21 Orissa 63.08 75.35 50.51 19,837,055 11,992,333 7,844,722
22 Punjab 69.65 75.23 63.36 14,756,970 8,442,293 6,314,677
23 Rajasthan 60.41 75.70 43.85 27,702,010 18,047,157 9,654,853
24 Sikkim 68.81 76.04 60.40 318,335 189,060 129,275
25 Tamilnadu 73.45 82.42 64.43 40,524,545 22,809,662 17,714,883
26 Tripura 73.19 81.02 64.91 2,022,099 1,150,707 871,392
27 Uttaranchal 71.62 83.28 59.63 5,105,782 3,008,875 2,096,907
28 Uttar Pradesh 56.27 68.82 42.22 75,719,284 48,901,413 26,817,871
29 West Bengal 68.64 77.02 59.61 47,196,401 27,452,426 19,743,975
30 A&N Islands 81.30 86.33 75.24 253,135 146,831 106,304
31 Chandigarh 81.94 86.14 76.47 643,245 382,686 260,559
32 D&N Haveli 57.63 71.18 40.23 103,904 72,149 31,755
33 Daman & Diu 78.18 86.76 65.61 107,600 70,992 36,608
34 Lakshadweep 86.66 92.53 80.47 44,683 24,511 20,172
35 Pondicherry 81.24 88.62 73.90 696,367 378,758 317,609

 


LITERACY RATE 1951-2001 INDIA

Census Year

Persons

Male

Female

1951

18.33

27.16

8.86

 

1961

28.30

40.40

15.35

 

1971

34.45

45.96

21.97

 

1981

43.57

56.38

29.76

 

1991

52.21

64.13

39.29

 

2001

64.84

75.26

53.67

 

 

Literacy Scenario in India (As per 2001 Census)


Literacy in India has made remarkable strides since Independence.This has been further confirmed by the results of the Census 2001. The literacy rate has increased from 18.33% in 1951 to 64.84% in 2001. This is despite the fact that during the major part of the last five decades there has been exponential growth of the population at nearly 2% per annum. The state-wise literacy rates are given below:

LITERACY RATE 7+ POPULATION (CENSUS 2001)

S.No.

India/State/UT

 

Person

Male

Female

 

India

Total

64.84

75.26

53.67

 

 

Rural

58.74

70.70

46.13

 

 

Urban

79.92

86.27

72.86

01

JAMMU & KASHMIR

Total

55.52

66.60

43.00

 

 

Rural

49.78

61.65

36.74

 

 

Urban

71.92

80.00

61.98

02

HIMACHAL PRADESH

Total

76.48

85.35

67.42

 

 

Rural

75.08

84.51

65.68

 

 

Urban

88.95

92.04

85.03

03

PUNJAB

Total

69.65

75.23

63.36

 

 

Rural

64.72

71.05

57.72

 

 

Urban

79.10

83.05

74.49

04

CHANDIGARH

Total

81.94

86.14

76.47

 

 

Rural

75.58

80.98

66.37

 

 

Urban

82.64

86.78

77.40

05

UTTARANCHAL

Total

71.62

83.28

59.63

 

 

Rural

68.07

81.78

54.70

 

 

Urban

81.44

87.05

74.77

06

HARYANA

Total

67.91

78.49

55.73

 

 

Rural

63.19

75.37

49.27

 

 

Urban

79.16

85.83

71.34

07

DELHI

Total

81.67

87.33

74.71

 

 

Rural

78.05

86.60

67.39

 

 

Urban

81.93

87.39

75.22

08

RAJASTHAN

Total

60.41

75.70

43.85

 

 

Rural

55.34

72.16

37.33

 

 

Urban

76.20

86.45

64.67

09

UTTAR PRADESH

Total

56.27

68.82

42.22

 

 

Rural

52.53

66.59

36.90

 

 

Urban

69.75

76.76

61.73

10

BIHAR

Total

47.00

59.68

33.12

 

 

Rural

43.92

57.09

29.61

 

 

Urban

71.93

79.94

62.59

11

SIKKIM

Total

68.81

76.04

60.40

 

 

Rural

66.82

74.45

58.01

 

 

Urban

83.91

87.81

79.16

12

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

Total

54.34

63.83

43.53

 

 

Rural

47.83

57.65

36.94

 

 

Urban

78.26

85.19

69.49

13

NAGALAND

Total

66.59

71.16

61.46

 

 

Rural

62.79

67.58

57.52

 

 

Urban

84.74

87.44

81.42

14

MANIPUR (Excl. 3 Sub-divisions)

Total

70.53

80.33

60.53

 

 

Rural

67.29

77.31

56.95

 

 

Urban

79.28

88.71

70.01

15

MIZORAM

Total

88.80

90.72

86.75

 

 

Rural

81.27

84.93

77.26

 

 

Urban

96.13

96.43

95.80

16

TRIPURA

Total

73.19

81.02

64.91

 

 

Rural

69.72

78.40

60.50

 

 

Urban

89.21

93.21

85.03

17

MEGHALAYA

Total

62.56

65.43

59.61

 

 

Rural

56.29

59.24

53.24

 

 

Urban

86.30

89.05

83.50

18

ASSAM

Total

63.25

71.28

54.61

 

 

Rural

59.73

68.22

50.70

 

 

Urban

85.34

89.74

80.24

19

WEST BENGAL

Total

68.64

77.02

59.61

 

 

Rural

63.42

73.13

53.16

 

 

Urban

81.25

86.13

75.74

20

JHARKHAND

Total

53.56

67.30

38.87

 

 

Rural

45.74

60.94

29.89

 

 

Urban

79.14

87.03

69.96

21

ORISSA

Total

63.08

75.35

50.51

 

 

Rural

59.84

72.93

46.66

 

 

Urban

80.84

87.93

72.87

22

CHHATTISGARH

Total

64.66

77.38

51.85

 

 

Rural

60.48

74.09

46.99

 

 

Urban

80.58

89.39

71.11

23

MADHYA PRADESH

Total

63.74

76.06

50.29

 

 

Rural

57.80

71.70

42.76

 

 

Urban

79.39

87.39

70.47

24

GUJARAT

Total

69.14

79.66

57.80

 

 

Rural

61.29

74.11

47.84

 

 

Urban

81.84

88.34

74.50

25

DAMAN & DIU

Total

78.18

86.76

65.61

 

 

Rural

75.83

84.83

59.33

 

 

Urban

82.31

91.12

73.41

26

DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

Total

57.63

71.18

40.23

 

 

Rural

49.34

64.50

30.83

 

 

Urban

84.36

90.84

74.54

27

MAHARASHTRA

Total

76.88

85.97

67.03

 

 

Rural

70.36

81.93

58.40

 

 

Urban

85.48

91.03

79.09

28

ANDHRA PRADESH

Total

60.47

70.32

50.43

 

 

Rural

54.50

65.35

43.50

 

 

Urban

76.09

83.19

68.74

29

KARNATAKA

Total

66.64

76.10

56.87

 

 

Rural

59.33

70.45

48.01

 

 

Urban

80.58

86.66

74.12

30

GOA

Total

82.01

88.42

75.37

 

 

Rural

79.67

87.37

71.92

 

 

Urban

84.39

89.46

78.98

31

LAKSHADWEEP

Total

86.66

92.53

80.47

 

 

Rural

85.04

91.49

78.27

 

 

Urban

88.62

93.77

83.13

32

KERALA

Total

90.86

94.24

87.72

 

 

Rural

90.04

93.63

86.69

 

 

Urban

93.19

95.94

90.62

33

TAMIL NADU

Total

73.45

82.42

64.43

 

 

Rural

66.21

77.15

55.28

 

 

Urban

82.53

88.97

75.99

34

PONDICHERRY

Total

81.24

88.62

73.90

 

 

Rural

73.98

83.50

64.38

 

 

Urban

84.84

91.18

78.57

35

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

Total

81.30

86.33

75.24

Rural

78.70

84.14

72.26

Urban

86.57

90.65

81.47

Some of the important highlights of Census 2001 are given below:  
  • Rajasthan has recorded the highest increase i.e.21.86% in the literacy rate among the States/UTs of India.
  • The literacy rate in the country has increased to 64.84%, which reflects an overall increase of 12.63%, the fastest decadal growth ever. This is the highest rate since independence.


  • The male literacy rate has increased to 75.26%, which shows an increase of 11.13%.On the other hand, the female literacy of 53.67% has increased at a much faster rate of 14.38%.


  • The male-female literacy gap has reduced from 24.84% in 1991 to 21.59% in 2001.Mizoram has the smallest gap (3.97%) followed by Kerala (6.52%) and Meghalaya (5.82%).


  • All States and Union Territories without exception have shown increase in literacy rates during 1991-2001.


  • In all the States and Union Territories the male literacy rate except Bihar (59.68%) is now over 60%.


  • For the first time since independence there has been a decline in the absolute number of illiterates during the decade. In the previous decades, there has been a continuous increase in the number of illiterates, despite the increase in the literacy rates, but now for the first time the total number of illiterates has come down by 24.77 million.


  • The number of literate persons has increased to 560.68 million in 2001 thus adding an additional 201.40 million literates in the country.


  • Rajasthan has recorded the highest increase i.e.21.86% in the literacy rate among the States/UTs of India.Literacy rate of Rajasthan in 7+ population in 1991 was 38.55% which has increased to 60.41% in 2001.


  • The state also recorded very good increase in the female literacy. It was 20.44% in 1991, which has increased to 43.85% in 2001.


  • The female literacy rate of Chhattisgarh in 7+ population in 1991 was 27.52% which has increased to 51.85% in 2001.Thus the rise in female literacy rate in Chhattisgarh has been to the extent of 24.33%, which is the highest among all the States/UTs of the country.


  • Madhya Pradesh also recorded a good increase in female literacy rate i.e.20.94%.In 1991 the literacy rate of females was 29.35%, which has increased to 50.29% in 2001.

State Groupings


On the basis of literacy rate, State/UTs can be grouped as under:

  • High Literacy Rate (80% and above) Kerala (90.86%), Mizoram (88.80%), Lakshadweep (86.66%), Goa (82.01%), Chandigarh (81.94%), Delhi (81.67%), A & N Islands (81.30%) and Pondicherry (81.24%).

  • Literacy Rate above national average (64.8%) and below 80% - Daman & Diu (78.18%), Maharashtra (76.88%), Himachal Pradesh (76.48%), Tamil Nadu (73.45%), Tripura (73.19%), Uttaranchal (71.62%), Manipur (70.53%), Punjab (69.65%), Gujarat (69.14%), Sikkim (68.81%), West Bengal (68.64%), Haryana (67.91%), Karnataka (66.64%) and Nagaland (66.59%).

  • Literacy Rate below national average (64.8%) Chhattisgarh (64.66%), Madhya Pradesh (63.74%), Assam (63.25%), Orissa (63.08%), Meghalaya (62.56%), Andhra Pradesh (60.47%), Rajasthan (60.41%), Dadra & Nagar Haveli (57.63%), Uttar Pradesh (56.27%), Jammu & Kashmir (55.52%), Arunachal Pradesh (54.34%), Jharkhand (53.56%) and Bihar (47.00%).


  Rural-Urban Gap (Literates) - Census 2001

                                                                      (In million)

 

Persons

Male

Female

All Areas

560.68

(64.8%)

336.53

(75.3%)

224.15

(53.7%)

Rural Areas

361.87

(58.7%)

223.55

(70.7%)

138.32

(46.1%)

Urban Areas

199.81

(79.9%)

113.98

(86.3%)

85.83

(72.9%)

SC

75.31

(54.69%)

47.43

(66.64%)

27.88

(41.90%)

ST

32.38

(47.10%)

20.56

(59.17%)

11.82

(34.76%)

 

Illiteracy

  •       In terms of the size of illiteracy, eight States, viz. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka and Maharastra had more than 15 million illiterates each and accounted for 69.7 per cent of the illiterate population of the country.
     

  •       The first four of these states - Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan are in Hindi belt and have 42.76% illiterates.
     

  •       Number of non-literates in these States - Uttar Pradesh (58.85 million), Bihar (35.08 million), Rajasthan (18.15 million) and Madhya Pradesh (17.97 million).
     

  •       In Bihar the number of illiterates increased from 31.98 million in 1991 to 35.08 million in 2001.  
     

  •       Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh have 10.21 million and 6.10 million illiterates in 2001.
     

  •       It means that 48.12% of the non-literates reside in these six Hindi-speaking States.  
     

  •     Other States having more than 10 million illiterates are: Orissa (11.61 million), Gujarat (13.31 million) and Tamil Nadu (14.65 million).

 

Literact Scenario in India(1951-1991)  Highlights of the 1991 Cencus, Literacy State / Union Territory Wise.  Literacy and Women  Literacy and SC/ST  Literacy rate for the Total population, SC/ST by sex